Mondrian was born in 1872, in Utrecht in The Netherlands and died in 1944, in New York. He also lived in Paris and London and was friends with other painters who were interested in abstract pictures.
The photograph shows him in his studio with Nelly van Doesburg in 1923
In the 1920's, the Dutch painter Piet Mondrian was creating new abstract pictures based on horizontal and vertical geometry.
The still on the video, above, is a replica of his Paris studio. It was created in the Tate Modern art gallery in London. Play the video for a short introduction to Mondrian, his art and his workplace.
Figurative vs. Abstract
Figurative art uses the artists skill to capture a true likeness of the subject. Mondrian's work, in his early career, was figurative. He painted landscapes and nature and tried to make the pictures look realistic.
Abstract art does not try to make a picture of something real that you would recognise. Artists try to make something completely new and interesting using their skill with ideas, materials and techniques.